The exploitation of college athletes, particularly Black revenue athletes, has been a persistent topic of controversy within American higher education for the past half century. Strikingly absent in this literature are the college athletes themselves. This research study of 581 NCAA Division I college athletes examines these participants’ perceptions of feeling exploited by the university for their athletic ability and potential. Comparative analyses are reported based upon gender, race, year-in-school and scholarship status. Differences between revenue, defined as football and men’s basketball, and nonrevenue or Olympic sports (all other intercollegiate athletic teams) are reported. Findings demonstrate significant differences across several of these demographic and sport-specific categories. Findings also suggest that the perceived exploitation experienced by college athletes is more complicated than a simple financial or educational exchange. Several social and educational implications are discussed.
|Keywords:||American College Athletes, Black Revenue College Athletes, Exploitation, Self-perceptions of Institutional Value|
Adjunct Professor/Director, Athletic Study Center, M.A., Cultural Studies of Sport in Education, Graduate School of Education, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, California, USA