How Racial Integration Changed the Playing Style in Major League Baseball: An Empirical Investigation for 1947-1968

By Thomas Bruggink.

Published by The Sport Collection

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

Shortly after World War II, black men were invited to join the major leagues and end the segregation in American baseball. Observers have since discussed how this affected the playing style of major league teams that now had players from the Negro League tradition emphasizing speed and aggressive baserunning. This study measures the impact of these changes on the team winning function, and finds it was the early importation of African-American power hitters to the National League that had the most dramatic difference in the game. This relates to the current importation of Latin American players into the major leagues as well as the more general standard industrial process of looking to new labor markets to lower the cost of production.

Keywords: Racial Integration in Sports, Winning Function in Baseball, Statistical Analysis in Sports

The International Journal of Sport and Society, Volume 3, Issue 3, pp.229-245. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 667.508KB).

Thomas Bruggink

Professor, Economics Department, Lafayette College, Easton, Pennsylvania, USA

In my 32 years teaching Economics at Lafayette College I have published over 25 articles in sports economics, environmental economics, and in other areas. I teach Econometrics and the Economics of Sports.