College Students’ Self-regulation of Motoric Flexibility: Effects of Modeling and Self-evaluation

By Gloria McNamara.

Published by The Sport Collection

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Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

The purpose of this research was to determine if technique modeling and self-evaluation had an impact on college students’ self-regulation of motoric flexibility, measured through physiological assessments and surveys of stretching practices and beliefs. To measure the impact of the treatments, students were randomly assigned to three conditions: 1) control lecture condition, taught using a scripted lecture format; 2) technique modeling condition, taught using the same script in addition to the researcher modeling proper stretching technique; and 3) technique modeling and self-evaluation condition, taught using the same script and modeling technique in addition to training students to measure their own flexibility. It was hypothesized that the treatment conditions would produce the following linear trend: condition 3 > condition 2 > condition 1 on the outcome measures. The results demonstrated that self-regulation training had a significant positive linear effect on students’ upper body flexibility, stretching practices, outcome expectations, and self-efficacy. Thus, health and physical educators should consider supplementing lectures with self-regulatory opportunities that facilitate self-evaluation.

Keywords: Sport and Health, Motoric Flexibility, Self-regulation, Modeling, Self-evaluation, Social Cognitive Theory

The International Journal of Sport and Society, Volume 3, Issue 4, pp.49-64. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 275.911KB).

Dr. Gloria McNamara

Assistant Professor, Health Education Department, City University of New York, New York, New York, USA

Dr. McNamara is an Assistant Professor at the City University of New York, where she teaches undergraduate courses in health, fitness, and nutrition. Her research focuses on health promotion and behavior change mainly by targeting individual's cognitions as well as their physical and social environments. In addition, Dr. McNamara has served as a consultant to the NYC Board of Education's Office of Food and Nutrition Services and other non-profit health and community services.