The Intelligent Wellness Program: An Embedded Curriculum Design

By Masoud Ghaffari.

Published by The Sport Collection

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Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

Plato, in the Republic, emphasized utilizing intelligence to bring one’s whole soul to its best nature. Human intelligence is where all our thinking, acting, and feelings originate. There exists a plethora of studies on cognitive, some studies on emotional, and scarce research on transpersonal/spiritual intelligence. However, a holistic paradigm, the trinity paradigm of intelligence (TPI), has emerged recently, which encompasses three realms: intrapersonal (physical), interpersonal (social), and transpersonal (spiritual). This has allowed designing, implementing, and evaluating a holistic intelligent wellness program. A structured intelligent wellness program, including the three realms, was developed and embedded into a college science course. The program consisted of students’ choice of activities, performed three times a week, at least one hour each session, for the entire semester. Also included were activities for practicing effective time management, and students’ weekly journal writing reflecting on the activities. The purpose of this participatory action research was to design, implement, and explore the effectiveness of such program on college students’ physical wellness, socialization, and developing sense of unity and belonging. A total of 156 college students participated in this qualitative research. The study's duration was five years. Focus group interviews were conducted. The sources of the data were the interview transcripts and the students’ weekly reflective journals.

Keywords: Human Intelligence, Designing a Wellness Program, Holistic Education

The International Journal of Sport and Society, Volume 4, Issue 4, February 2015, pp.7-30. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 626.622KB).

Dr. Masoud Ghaffari

Associate Professor, College of Nursing, Graduate Programs, East Tennessee State University, Johnson City, Tennessee, USA

Dr. Masoud Ghaffari is an associate professor in the College of Nursing at East Tennessee State University. His areas of specialization are educational psychology, urban education, health education and community health, nursing management and leadership, medical technology, and medicine. His research interests include understanding of ontology and epistemology of human intelligence, transpersonal phenomenology, complexity and chaos theory, self-organizing theory, system theory, and constructivist learning theory. In addition, he has interest in school reform and holistic education. A holistic paradigm of human intelligence, trinity paradigm of intelligence (TPI), emerged from one of his studies which has expanded our understanding of the topic.