The Effects of Music on Health Related Fitness and General: Health of University Female Physical Education Students

By Parivash Nourbakhsh and Hossein Sepasi.

Published by The Sport Collection

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

Music is used as a means for increasing cardiovascular efficiency, achieving relaxed in the beginning an exercise program, creating an arousal state in sustaining the exercises and factors that treat human well- being (Copland and Frank,1991; Macone et al.,2006; Dyrlund et al., 2008). The purpose of this research was to study the effects of music on health related fitness and general health of university female physical education students. The samples of this study were 30 students that randomly assigned into equal experimental and control groups. General health questionnaire (Gold berg, 1979) and physical fitness test (AAHPERD, 1980) were used as two instruments for this study. Validity and reliability of these tests were reported successfully. Psychological well-being was measured by this questionnaire. First two groups responded to a questionnaire and participated in health related fitness tests. The experimental group exercised 12 weeks with music, two sessions each week, each consisting of 90 minutes while the control group exercised and received no music. Testing the proposed hypothesis at p<0.05 showed the following results: there were significant differences between general health and its dimension (somatic symptoms, anxiety and insomnia, social dysfunction, severe depression) between two groups. The analysis of results also showed that the general health of the group that received music while doing physical fitness was increased. There were no significant differences between the two groups in health related fitness. So, it is recommended that coaches and sport supervisors, with recognition of these factors, help the students for increasing good psychic readiness.

Keywords: Mental Health, Fitness, Music

The International Journal of Sport and Society, Volume 1, Issue 1, pp.263-270. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 578.957KB).

Assoc. Prof. Parivash Nourbakhsh

Associate Professor, Sport Sciences Research Center, Iran, Motor Behavior, College of Physical Education, Sport Sciences Research Center, Islamic Azad University, Karaj Branch, Tehran, Iran (Islamic Republic of)

As a associate professor I teach growth and development, motor learning and research method in Islamic Azad University in Iran. I am married and my husband is also university professor.

Dr. Hossein Sepasi

Professor, Sport Sciences Research Center, Iran, Motor Behavior, College of Physical Education, Sport Sciences Research Center, Islamic Azad University, Karaj Branch, Tehran, Iran (Islamic Republic of)

As a university professor, I teach advanced statistic, research method and measurement and evaluation to gratuate and doctoral students in physical education and sport sciences. I am married and my wife, Dr. Parivash Nourbakhsh is working with me and she is busy teaching physical education cources to physical educatin students in Azad University in Iran.