The Purpose of this research was to study the effect of eight weeks aerobic and yoga training on the levels of depression of Iranian non-athlete females aged over 40 years. The method of this investigation is Field-Quasi-experimental. The Beck Depression Inventory in which its reliability and validity was confirmed, was used. The relevant questionnaire was distributed among 317 females over 40 years whom enrolled for the first time in aerobic courses . 75 of subjects showing high depression level according to BDI were selected as sample population and were randomly divided into three groups of yoga, aerobic and control. Aerobic and Yoga groups participated in training protocol consisting of 8 weeks, 3 days a week and 90 minutes a day. Descriptive statistic and t-test, one – way ANOVA, correlation coefficient and follow-up Tukey test at α = 0.05 were used to analyze the data.
The results showed that aerobic and yoga training significantly decreased the level of depression α= (0.001), but aerobic training was more effective than yoga. The findings also showed a significant negative relationship between depression and the level of education in females(r = -0.166). Significant positive relationship were observed between the number of children and the level of depression (r = 0.173). No significant relationship was seen between age, weight and the level of depression but aerobic training was more effective in reducing their weight.
The results of the present study indicated that different types of physical activities especially aerobic training may have a positive effect on depression symptoms. Therefore, it can be suggested that physical activities preferably aerobic training could be used as an economic, low cost and suitable methods to reduce depression symptoms of adult non-athlete females.
|Keywords:||Depression, Aerobic, Yoga, Female, Non-athlete|
Academic Member and The Head of Research Center for Sort Sciences, Sport Sciences Research Center, Islamic Azad University, Karaj Branch, Tehran, Karaj, Iran (Islamic Republic of)
Academic Member of Physical Education College, Sport Sciences Research Center, Islamic Azad University, Karaj Branch, Tehran, Karaj, Iran (Islamic Republic of)