The Effect of Eight Weeks Aerobic and Yoga Training on the Levels of Depression of Non-athlete Females Aged Over 40 Years

By Mahvash Noorbakhsh and Eidy Alijani.

Published by The Sport Collection

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The Purpose of this research was to study the effect of eight weeks aerobic and yoga training on the levels of depression of Iranian non-athlete females aged over 40 years. The method of this investigation is Field-Quasi-experimental. The Beck Depression Inventory in which its reliability and validity was confirmed, was used. The relevant questionnaire was distributed among 317 females over 40 years whom enrolled for the first time in aerobic courses . 75 of subjects showing high depression level according to BDI were selected as sample population and were randomly divided into three groups of yoga, aerobic and control. Aerobic and Yoga groups participated in training protocol consisting of 8 weeks, 3 days a week and 90 minutes a day. Descriptive statistic and t-test, one – way ANOVA, correlation coefficient and follow-up Tukey test at α = 0.05 were used to analyze the data.
The results showed that aerobic and yoga training significantly decreased the level of depression α= (0.001), but aerobic training was more effective than yoga. The findings also showed a significant negative relationship between depression and the level of education in females(r = -0.166). Significant positive relationship were observed between the number of children and the level of depression (r = 0.173). No significant relationship was seen between age, weight and the level of depression but aerobic training was more effective in reducing their weight.
The results of the present study indicated that different types of physical activities especially aerobic training may have a positive effect on depression symptoms. Therefore, it can be suggested that physical activities preferably aerobic training could be used as an economic, low cost and suitable methods to reduce depression symptoms of adult non-athlete females.

Keywords: Depression, Aerobic, Yoga, Female, Non-athlete

The International Journal of Sport and Society, Volume 1, Issue 2, pp.1-10. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 606.202KB).

Mahvash Noorbakhsh

Academic Member and The Head of Research Center for Sort Sciences, Sport Sciences Research Center, Islamic Azad University, Karaj Branch, Tehran, Karaj, Iran (Islamic Republic of)

PhD in Sport Management (Associate Professor). A member of Iranian Volleyball National Team (1970-1975). Academic member of university for 34 years.Dean of physical education college for3 years.The Head of Researches Center for physical education and sport sciences in Azad University of Karaj .Writer and translator of 4 books.

Eidy Alijani

Academic Member of Physical Education College, Sport Sciences Research Center, Islamic Azad University, Karaj Branch, Tehran, Karaj, Iran (Islamic Republic of)

PhD in Sport Physiology (Associate Professor). National Champion in Javelin Throw (1966-1976). IAAF senior lecturer. Asian AA council member. Chairman of AAA coaching committee. President, deputy and senior-vice president of A.A.F of Iran since 1984. Writer and translator of eleven books.