Conscious processes have a complex relationship to skilled motor performance. It is not always necessary to be aware of our own movements in executing specific actions. The majority of our ordinary movements are done automatically, without any self awareness; indeed, in some situations, bodily consciousness seems to contribute little to movement execution, especially in common, recurring actions like driving, walking, grasping etc. While, in others, it seems to be crucial.
At the same time, the sense of agency, self awareness and proprioception are the basis of a sense of self which is, especially from an educational point of view, very important within movement education. Indeed, the recognition of being separate from others and, at the same time, embedded in the environment is essential for developing a grounded sense of self.
The role of consciousness during motor learning activities, like sports and dance, will be discussed; in particular, we will examine the recent debate about implicit and explicit learning in motor skill acquisition and performance and the role of attention and self-consciousness in movement and sports education.
|Keywords:||Implicit-explicit Learning, Motor Cognition, Bodily Consciousnees, Movement and Sport Education, Cognitive Sciences|
PhD Student, Department of Cognitive and Education Sciences, Faculty of Cognitive Science, Rovereto, Italy