Canadian Government Acts and Policies for Sport and Recreation: Past, Present, and Future

By George Karlis and Evan Webb.

Published by The International Journal of Sport and Society

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Published Online January 15, 2016 $US5.00

The evolution of sport and recreation related acts and policies in Canada can be credited as commencing prior to Confederation. In 1851, Toronto City Council established the Committee on Public Walks and Gardens to provide public open space for recreational use. A few years later Ontario recognized the importance of the outdoors for recreation use and passed the Public Parks Act of Ontario in 1883. Following the lead put forth by municipalities and provinces, the federal government became more actively involved in sport and recreation in 1943 when the National Fitness Act became law. Since the mid twentieth century Canadian society has increased its awareness of the benefits of sport and recreation. This increased awareness has transpired in the creation of a Canadian Sport Policy in 2002 and action taken towards putting together a National Recreation Policy. The purpose of this paper is: to present the historical evolution and contemporary trends of Canadian government acts and policies for sport and recreation, and to predict as to what may unfold in the future for Canadian government acts and policies for sport and recreation.

Keywords: Sport, Recreation, Acts, Policies

The International Journal of Sport and Society: Annual Review, Volume 6, pp.25-36. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Published Online January 15, 2016 (Article: Electronic (PDF File; 345.538KB)).

Dr. George Karlis

Full Professor, School of Human Kinetics, School of Human Kinetics, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada

Dr. George Karlis has been a full-time professor at the University of Ottawa (Canada) since 1992. He is currently a Full Professor in the School of Human Kinetics. He completed his Ph.D. at Michigan State University (Park and Recreation Resources), his Masters at Acadia University (Recreation Management), and his Bachelors with Honors at the University of Ottawa (Social Sciences). His areas of specialization include leisure and society, community development, sport and recreation administration, and sport volunteerism. He has published over 50 peer-reviewed articles and is the sole author of a textbook entitled, Leisure and Recreation in Canadian Society (1st and 2nd Editions).

Evan Webb

Ph.D. Candidate, School of Human Kinetics, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Canada