Football Fans in Germany: A Latent Class Analysis Typology

By Andreas Grau, Andreas Hövermann, Martin Winands and Andreas Zick.

Published by Journal of Sporting Cultures and Identities

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Article: Print $US10.00
Published Online February 18, 2016 $US5.00

In the last 20 years football fandom in Germany has undergone a meaningful change. The purpose of the paper at hand is to address this change and to develop an advanced and revised typology of football fans focusing on potential conflicts. The study is based on an extensive quantitative online survey of German football fans (n = 6,327) of more than 50 professional football clubs in Germany. A revised typology of football fans was identified empirically by latent class analysis (LCA). Our findings suggest that fans can be categorized in five different groups with regard to their ideal stadium experience and their attitudes towards potential conflicts during a match day at their home stadium. The results help to understand recent developments in fan culture and society and allow describing the diversity of spectators within the stadium in a detailed way.

Keywords: Football, Fans, Latent Class Analysis (LCA)

Journal of Sporting Cultures and Identities, Volume 7, Issue 1, March 2016, pp.19-31. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Published Online February 18, 2016 (Article: Electronic (PDF File; 466.332KB)).

Andreas Grau

Research Associate, Institute for Interdisciplinary Research on Conflict and Violence (IKG), Bielefeld University, Bielefeld, NRW, Germany

Andreas Hövermann

Scientific staff, Institute for Interdisciplinary Research on Conflict and Violence (IKG), Bielefeld, Germany

Dr. Martin Winands

Research Assistant, Institute for Interdisciplinary Research on Conflict and Violence (IKG), Bielefeld University, Bielefeld, NRW, Germany

Prof. Dr. Andreas Zick

Institute for Interdisciplinary Research on Conflict and Violence (IKG)