Building the Future by Examining Past Research on Sport and Performance Enhancements

By Cheryl Mallen.

Published by Journal of Sport and Health

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Published Online: April 20, 2016 $US5.00

This content analysis study examined seventeen sport-related journals, along with their over 4,200 manuscripts and found 112 (2.67%) manuscripts on doping and sport over the fifteen-year time period under examination. In the context of performance enhancing doping and sport being “a threat to the integrity of sport” (Hemphill 2009, 313), this level of research is disappointing. It is encouraging, however, that the level of research on the topic has been on the rise over the past eight years. The examination was guided by RQ-1 on sport management contributions and the current status of sport and doping was identified within the literature based on multi-dimensional aspects extending from the methodological approaches used, theories, level of analysis, and key themes within the manuscripts. Additionally, the examination was guided by RQ-2 on what the literature contributes to guiding the future of sport and revealed recommended next steps and the research gaps. The findings concerning the reality of doping in sport are perplexing. There is a lack of knowledge concerning the level of doping within sport, an athletes’ quandary, inconsistencies in the application of the anti-doping campaign, and multiple opinions on doping as a legal or illegal entity in sport, along with approaching genetic doping options. This study hopes to be a catalyst to encourage faculty and students to examine the past research; to advance conceptual and empirical research agendas on the topic; to host debates on the issues; to generate potential future directions; and to establish a guided future for doping in sport. What limitations should there be in sport for the multiple doping options as we move forward?

Keywords: Performance Enhancement Doping, Blood Doping, Genetic Doping, Sport

Journal of Sport and Health, Volume 7, Issue 2, June 2016, pp.1-33. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Published Online: April 20, 2016 (Article: Electronic (PDF File; 883.183KB)).

Dr. Cheryl Mallen

Associate Professor, Department of Sport, Brock University, St. Catharines, Ontario, Canada