Comparing Practices of US Swimming against a Global Model for Integrated Development of Mass and High Performance Sport

By Peter Smolianov, Jonathan Sheehan, Edward Fritz, Danny Cruz, Steven Dion, Robin Benton, Peggy Carl and Stuart G. McMahon.

Published by Journal of Sports Management and Commercialization

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This study was designed to help and improve international performance as well increase swimming participation in the United States. Over 200 sources of literature on sport delivery systems from 28 Australasian, North and South American, Western and Eastern European countries were analyzed to construct a globally applicable model of high performance swimming integrated with mass participation, comprising of the following seven elements and three levels: Micro level (operations, processes, and methodologies for development of individual athletes). The study identifies the key areas for improvement based on opinions of swimming coaches and administrators, particularly the uniform qualification, education and award systems for athletes and coaches across all participation levels as well as a national network of affordable schools where academic education and athlete services are integrated with swimming training for all appropriate ages. Swimming programs need greater public and corporate support, especially through better tax incentives. Relevant international practices available for transfer to the US are discussed.

Keywords: Swimming, USA, High Performance, Mass Participation, Sport Development

Journal of Sports Management and Commercialization, Volume 7, Issue 3-4, December 2016, pp.1-23. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 1.025MB).

Dr. Peter Smolianov

Associate Professor of Sport Management, Department of Sport and Movement Science, Salem State University, Salem, Massachussetts, USA

Jonathan Sheehan

Student, Sport and Movement Science Department, Salem State University, Salem, Massachusetts, USA

Edward Fritz

Sport Management Student, Sport and Movement Science Department, Salem State University, Salem, Massachusetts, USA

Danny Cruz

Sport Management Student, Sport and Movement Science Department, Salem State University, Salem, Massachusetts, USA

Dr. Steven Dion

Associate Professor, Department of Sport and Movement Science, Salem State University, Salem, Massachussetts, USA

Robin Benton

Assistant Professor, Aquatic Management Program, Salem State University, Salem, Massachusetts, USA

Peggy Carl

Director, Athletics and Recreation, Salem State University, Salem, Massachusetts, USA

Dr. Stuart G. McMahon

Associate Professor, Sport Management Program, Sport Movement Science Department, Salem State University, Salem, Massachusetts, USA